EAR TRAINING I
Pitch, Rhythm, & Loudness, Cf for Linda, 4 Nov 2015
Ear training is a hearing skill in which musicians learn to identify pitches, intervals, chords, rhythms, instruments, sections, timbre, and other elements of sound. We can completely represent a sound with these three parameters: Pitch, Rhythm, and Loudness. We will use music to listen, derive, and rehearse to these elements in rotation.
Using the Song EIGHT DAYS A WEEK, by Lennon McCartney – (2 min, 43 sec) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VadngOGKlP0 (Youtube), play the song over your stereo.
1. Identify and clap along to the main pulse of the song (written in 4 / 4) for the whole song
(4 beats to the bar, the quarter note gets one beat), Count ||: 1 2 3 4 :||
2. Listen for the clapping already recorded on the song and clap along for the VERSE song sections which contain clapping on the main beats of 2 and 4.
The main claps are on beats 2 and 4:
Count ||: 1 2 3 4 :||
Clap ||: . > . > :|| where > is a clap, and . Is a rest, ||: repeat :||
3. Listen for and add the grace notes for the shuffle beat over the PRE-CHORUS section:
Count | 1 2 3 4 | 1 2 3 4 | 1 2 3 4 | 1 2 3 4 |
Lyric | Hold Me | Love Me | Hold Me | Love Me |
Clap | . > . > >| . > . > > | . > . > > | . > . > > |
4. Using two kinds of loudness for your claps: soft (or piano), and loud (or forte), clap along to the song on every pulse with a soft clap, and add the rhythm we learned on top of it with a loud clap.
Count ||: 1 2 3 4 :||
Clap ||: ^ > ^ > :|| where ^ is a soft clap, and > is a loud clap
Where there is no clapping in the song, just quietly keep the pulse internally and use a small quiet tapping or movement.
5. A Decrescendo of your loudness or dynamics. Clap along for the whole song again on beats 2 and 4, but this time, over 4 bars, gradually reduce the loudness of your claps from loud to soft.
Loudness forte piano
6. Do this again, only reverse the loudness of your claps from soft to loud; a Crescendo
7. Whenever you hear the single pitch of “Ooo“ I need your love babe, Clap, sing or play it
8. Using your sense of pitch, rhythm, & loudness identify these parts of the song:
INTRO, VERSE, PRE-CHORUS or CLIMB, CHORUS, BRIDGE, and CODA.
Download the exercise in PDF format for printing Ear Training I – 1vb0 (83 KB).
– Cf 4 Nov 2015