Ear Training Exercises I

EAR TRAINING I
Pitch, Rhythm, & Loudness, Cf for Linda, 4 Nov 2015

Ear training is a hearing skill in which musicians learn to identify pitches, intervals, chords, rhythms, instruments, sections, timbre, and other elements of sound. We can completely represent a sound with these three parameters: Pitch, Rhythm, and Loudness. We will use music to listen, derive, and rehearse to these elements in rotation.

RHYTHM EXERCISE

Using the Song EIGHT DAYS A WEEK, by Lennon McCartney – (2 min, 43 sec) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VadngOGKlP0 (Youtube), play the song over your stereo.

1. Identify and clap along to the main pulse of the song (written in 4 / 4) for the whole song

(4 beats to the bar, the quarter note gets one beat), Count ||: 1 2 3 4 :||

2. Listen for the clapping already recorded on the song and clap along for the VERSE song sections which contain clapping on the main beats of 2 and 4.

The main claps are on beats 2 and 4:

Count   ||: 1  2  3  4 :||
   Clap  ||: .   >   .  > :|| where > is a clap, and . Is a rest, ||: repeat :||

3. Listen for and add the grace notes for the shuffle beat over the PRE-CHORUS section:

Count | 1  2  3  4 | 1  2  3  4 | 1  2  3  4 | 1  2  3  4 |
Lyric   | Hold Me  | Love Me  | Hold Me  | Love Me  |
Clap   | .  >  .  > >| .  >  .  > > | .  > .  > > | .  >  . > > |

LOUDNESS EXERCISE

4. Using two kinds of loudness for your claps: soft (or piano), and loud (or forte), clap along to the song on every pulse with a soft clap, and add the rhythm we learned on top of it with a loud clap.

Count ||: 1   2  3  4  :||
Clap   ||:  ^   >   ^   > :|| where ^ is a soft clap, and > is a loud clap

Where there is no clapping in the song, just quietly keep the pulse internally and use a small quiet tapping or movement.

5. A Decrescendo of your loudness or dynamics. Clap along for the whole song again on beats 2 and 4, but this time, over 4 bars, gradually reduce the loudness of your claps from loud to soft.

Count | 1  2  3  4 | 1  2  3  4 | 1  2  3  4 | 1  2  3  4 |
Clap   |  .  >  .   > |  .  >   .  > |  .   >  .   > | .   >  .  > |
Descrescendo

Loudness forte                                              piano

6. Do this again, only reverse the loudness of your claps from soft to loud; a Crescendo

PITCH EXERCISE

7. Whenever you hear the single pitch of Ooo I need your love babe, Clap, sing or play it

8. Using your sense of pitch, rhythm, & loudness identify these parts of the song:
INTRO, VERSE, PRE-CHORUS or CLIMB, CHORUS, BRIDGE, and CODA.

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Download the exercise in PDF format for printing Ear Training I – 1vb0 (83 KB).

– Cf 4 Nov 2015